RubmdHealth TipCauses of Tinnitus: Understanding the Factors

Causes of Tinnitus: Understanding the Factors

Tinnitus is a condition that causes a person to perceive sound in their ears or head. Even when there is no external sound present. The sound can be described as ringing, buzzing, hissing, whistling, or clicking and can range in volume and intensity from mild to severe. Tinnitus is not a disease itself, but rather a symptom of an underlying condition. Such as hearing loss, exposure to loud noise, ear infections, earwax blockage, or neurological disorders. Tinnitus can be temporary or chronic, and can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. Including their ability to concentrate, sleep, and communicate with others. There is no known cure for tinnitus, but there are various treatments available to manage the symptoms and reduce the impact on daily life.

Exposure To loud Noise

Exposure to loud noise is one of the most common causes of tinnitus. Prolonged or repeated exposure to loud noises, such as from music concerts, loud machinery, or explosions, can damage the hair cells in the inner ear. That are responsible for transmitting sound signals to the brain. This damage can result in hearing loss and the perception of tinnitus.

The risk of tinnitus due to noise exposure can be reduced by wearing ear protection. Such as earplugs or noise-cancelling headphones, when in loud environments. It’s also important to take breaks from loud noise and to limit the duration of exposure. If you work in a loud environment, it’s important to follow workplace safety guidelines and regulations for hearing protection.

Age-related Hearing Loss

Age-related hearing loss

Age-related hearing loss is another common cause of tinnitus. As people age, their hearing ability naturally declines due to changes in the inner ear, and this can lead to tinnitus. Age-related hearing loss typically begins around the age of 60, but it can occur earlier or later depending on various factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and exposure to loud noise over time are causes of tinnitus.

Prevention of tinnitus due to age-related hearing loss is challenging. But it may be possible to slow down the progression of hearing loss by avoiding exposure to loud noise, maintaining a healthy lifestyle. And managing underlying medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Regular hearing tests and monitoring of hearing changes can also help identify any hearing loss early. Allowing for timely intervention and management.

Earwax Blockage

Earwax blockage is another possible cause of tinnitus. Earwax is a natural substance that helps protect the ear canal by trapping dirt and bacteria. However, excessive buildup of earwax can lead to blockage and irritation of the ear canal that can be causes of tinnitus.

If earwax buildup is suspected as the cause of tinnitus. It’s important to seek professional help from a healthcare provider or audiologist. They can examine the ear canal and safely remove any excess earwax to relieve the tinnitus symptoms.

To prevent earwax blockage, it’s important to avoid inserting objects such as cotton swabs or fingers into the ear canal. Which can push the earwax further in and lead to blockage. It’s also important to maintain good ear hygiene by cleaning the outer ear with a damp cloth and avoiding the use of ear candles or other home remedies that can be potentially harmful.

Ear Infections

Ear infections are a potential cause of tinnitus. These infections can occur in the middle or outer ear and can cause inflammation, fluid buildup, and irritation of the ear canal which can result in tinnitus.

Treating the underlying ear infection can often alleviate the tinnitus symptoms. Antibiotics or antifungal medications may be prescribed by a healthcare provider to clear the infection. In some cases, ear drops or pain relief medication may also be recommended.

Prevention of ear infections involves good ear hygiene. Such as avoiding exposure to dirty water, maintaining good swimming pool hygiene, and keeping the ear canal dry. It’s also important to avoid inserting foreign objects, like cotton swabs, into the ear canal as this can increase the risk of ear infection.

Head And Neck Injuries

Head and neck injuries

Head and neck injuries can sometimes cause tinnitus. Trauma to the head, neck, or ears can damage the delicate structures of the inner ear, which can lead to hearing loss and tinnitus. This can include injuries from a blow to the head, whiplash from a car accident, or a fall.

In some cases, the tinnitus may be temporary and resolve on its own as the injury heals. However, in other cases, the damage to the inner ear may be permanent, and the tinnitus may be ongoing.

Prevention of tinnitus due to head and neck injuries involves taking appropriate safety precautions to avoid injury. Like wearing protective headgear while participating in sports or activities that pose a risk of head injury. It’s also important to seek medical attention promptly if you experience any head or neck injury. Even if you don’t have any immediate symptoms, as early intervention can help prevent or minimize potential long-term effects such as tinnitus.

Also Read: Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment And More

High Blood Pressure And Cardiovascular Disease

High blood pressure and cardiovascular disease can both cause tinnitus. These conditions can lead to reduced blood flow to the inner ear. That can damage the delicate structures of the inner ear and result in hearing loss and tinnitus.

High blood pressure can also increase the pressure within the blood vessels in the inner ear. It can exacerbate tinnitus symptoms.

Treating high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease can help reduce the risk of tinnitus. This may involve lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption. In some cases, medication may also be prescribed to help manage blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.

It’s important to monitor blood pressure regularly and to seek medical attention if it is consistently high. Early intervention and management of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease can help prevent or minimize potential long-term effects such as tinnitus.

Stress And Anxiety

Stress and anxiety can contribute to the development or worsening of tinnitus. When the body is under stress or experiencing anxiety, it can trigger a range of physical responses. Including increased heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle tension. These responses can worsen tinnitus symptoms or even trigger tinnitus in some cases.

In addition, stress and anxiety can also lead to poor sleep quality, which can further exacerbate tinnitus symptoms. Tinnitus can then cause additional stress and anxiety, creating a cycle where the symptoms worsen and the stress and anxiety increase.

Managing stress and anxiety can help reduce the risk of tinnitus or improve existing symptoms. This can involve relaxation techniques such as meditation or deep breathing exercises, regular exercise, and seeking professional counseling or therapy.

It’s also important to prioritize good sleep habits and to create a sleep-conducive environment, such as keeping the bedroom dark, cool, and quiet. Reducing stress and anxiety can also help improve sleep quality and minimize the impact of tinnitus on daily life.


Some medications can cause or worsen tinnitus as a side effect. The mechanism by which medications cause tinnitus is not fully understood, but it’s thought to be due to the medication’s effect on the inner ear or the auditory nerve.

Medications known to cause tinnitus include aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), certain antibiotics, chemotherapy drugs and some diuretics. Some times tinnitus may be a temporary side effect that goes away once the medication is discontinued. But in other cases, tinnitus may persist even after the medication is stopped.

It’s important to talk to your doctor about any medications you are taking and their potential side effects. If you experience tinnitus while taking a medication, do not stop taking the medication without first consulting with your doctor. They may be able to adjust the dose or switch to a different medication that does not cause tinnitus.


Preventing or minimizing the risk of tinnitus involves taking appropriate safety precautions to avoid exposure to loud noise, seeking prompt medical attention for ear infections or injuries. And managing underlying health conditions such as high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. It’s also important to be aware of medications that may cause tinnitus as a side effect and to discuss any concerns with a healthcare provider.

Managing stress and anxiety through relaxation techniques, exercise, and counseling or therapy can also help reduce the risk of tinnitus or improve existing symptoms. By understanding the possible causes of tinnitus and taking steps to prevent or manage these causes, individuals can reduce the impact of tinnitus on their quality of life.

Dr Shah
Dr Shah
Dr SYED TAHIR ZAFAR BUKHARI is General Physician, expert in Allergy Medication, Hearing Aid Fitting. After retirement writing researched healthcare opinions online.

Popular Doctors

Related Articles